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Electrical Training
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Electrical Training

Electrical training and education within the Nordic Countries

Type of
Installation

Domestic

Industrial

Communications

Purpose

The purpose to be reached through 3 - 4½ years of education and training is

  • the professional electrician can - independently and in accordance with electrical regulations - undertake installation, trouble shooting, repairs and maintenance of electrical systems and equipment within his field of specialization.

The largest part of as well theoretical as practical training are common within the specialized fields.

Since 1974 the Nordic electrical organizations have co-operated in order to co-ordinate training and education of electricians. However, legislation in the individual countries has prevented the establishment of a common training and education program in the five countries. In some of them, the whole of the basic training takes place in school whilst in others it alternates between periods of training spent with an enterprise and those spent in school.

Basic subjects

Native language

English

Mathematics

Physics

Social science

Computer science

Basic subjects are chosen by the electrical organizations when designing the actual training and education program. The choice is made from a "basic subject catalogue" which is common to all trades. The level of each subject is decided according to the actual need for the trade. Within the electrical trade Mathematics is an important subject, and is accordingly on a high level.

Basic electrical subjects

Electrical theory

  • basic electrical physics/science
  • knowledge of common electronic and electromechanical components and their functions and usage
  • knowledge of common power production methods and of electrical distribution systems
  • common electrical diagrams, drawings and charts
  • calculations on AC and DC circuits
  • calculations on 3-phased installations
  • correct usage of measuring equipment and methods according to regulations, including trouble shooting on common electrical circuits and systems
  • design and usage of single-phased transformers
  • knowledge of basic lighting systems and terms
  • knowledge of basic automatic systems and units

Installation techniques

  • practical installation methods and principles for high power (above 50 VAC), low power (below 50 VAC) and installation of small tele-system based on drawings and descriptions
  • practical engine installations, and capability to choose correct material based on drawings and descriptions
  • practical trouble shooting, repairs and preventive maintenance of engine and light installations according to rules and regulations

Electrical engines

  • knowledge of electrical engines (AC and DC) and their design, method of operation, and usage, including start/stop and regulation equipment

Design

  • calculation and design of supply cables (main power supply, consumer supply, and section supply cables)
  • earthing systems and the correct earthing of installations

Control and regulation systems

  • analogues and digital control circuits, and the principles for operation
  • documentation for automatic systems
  • installation and programming of automatic systems (plc) according to drawings, descriptions, and documentation and choosing the right equipment
  • pneumatic and hydraulic components
  • trouble shooting, repairs, and preventive maintenance

Quality assurance

  • knowledge of various QA systems
  • capable of making correct QA documentation

Health, safety and environment

All apprentices must

  • work according to rules and regulations for a good and safe working environment
  • choose, operate and maintain the correct material and equipment
  • know proper actions to take in case of emergency situations (first aid and firefighting)

The contents and levels of "Electrical Subjects" and "Specialized Subjects" are defined by the electrical trade organizations. The trade organizations are committed to quality assurance of the education's, which naturally include monitoring market demands to the skilled electrician. This also means that the training and education programs are constantly liable to changes as electrical technology is evolving very quickly.

Type of
Installation

Domestic

Industrial

Communications

Subjects of specialized field

The main working area for the electrician who has specialized within this field is electrical installations for homes, offices, industries etc.

The electrician will mainly make installations for lighting and heating systems, and will have a specialized knowledge of energy optimization.


Intelligent installations

  • knowledge of various intelligent installation system, and the capability of installing, programming and servicing of these systems according to diagrams and descriptions.
  • capable of testing and trouble shooting on the installations.

Lighting systems

  • knowledge of rules and regulations for lighting systems, including choosing correct equipment for the actual environment
  • capable of calculating used and effective wattage knowledge of various control and regulation methods.

The main working area for the electrician who has specialized within this field is installation and programming of industrial production systems.

The electrician has specialized knowledge of production systems and components in the variety of environments that can be found throughout industrial plants.

Automated systems

  • connection and calibration of analogues and digital transmitters and converters (transceivers)
  • knowledge of various controllable processes for automated systems
  • knowledge of correct tools and equipment for the processes
  • pneumatic and hydraulic systems

Ex installations

  • installations in explosion-prone environments and the special demands to tools and equipment in this environment.

The main working area for the electrician who has specialized within this field are installations for telecommunication (telephone, data, antenna) and alarm/security equipment.

A lot of the work is carried out by using of computer for programming the main units.
 

Data installations (LAN)

  • principles for and practical cabling for the various systems
  • installation of hard- and software
  • configuration of data-systems
  • correct tools and equipment, and knowledge of regulations.

A lot of the work is carried out by using of computer for programming the main units.

Security

  • knowledge of intruder alarm, fire alarm, and access control systems
  • knowledge of correct tools and equipment, and knowledge of regulations.

A lot of the work is carried out by using of computer for programming the main units.

A lot of the work is carried out by using of computer for programming the main units.

A lot of the work is carried out by using of computer for programming the main units.

A lot of the work is carried out by using of computer for programming the main units.

A lot of the work is carried out by using of computer for programming the main units.

A lot of the work is carried out by using of computer for programming the main units.

A lot of the work is carried out by using of computer for programming the main units.

Further training

In all countries the trade organizations have a wide variety of classes with duration's between 1 and 10 days. The subjects in these classes cover all aspects of electrical work, and the levels are from basic knowledge to highly skilled technician.


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